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pubblicata il 01.12.2015

Prakash, Gaurav, Dhruv Srivastava, and Sounak Choudhuri. "A novel Hartman Shack-based topography system: repeatability and agreement for corneal power with Scheimpflug+ Placido topographer and rotating prism auto-keratorefractor." International ophthalmology 35.6 (2015): 869-880.


Author information: Department of Cornea and Refractive Surgery, NMC Eye Care, New Medical Center Specialty Hospital, Electra Street, PO Box 6222, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. drgauravprakash@gmail.com. 2 Department of Cornea and Refractive Surgery, NMC Eye Care, New Medical Center Specialty Hospital, Electra Street, PO Box 6222, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to analyze the repeatability and agreement of corneal power using a new Hartman type topographer in comparison to Scheimpflug+Placido and autorefractor devices. In this cross sectional, observational study performed at the cornea services of a specialty hospital, 100 normal eyes (100 consecutive candidates) without any previous ocular surgery or morbidity except refractive error were evaluated. All candidates underwent three measurements each on a Full gradient, Hartman type topographer (FG) (iDesign, AMO), Scheimpflug+Placido topographer (SP) (Sirius, CSO) and rotating prism auto-keratorefractor (AR) (KR1, Nidek). The parameters assessed were flat keratometry (K1), steep keratometry (K2), steep axis (K2 axis), mean K, J 0 and J 45. Intra-device repeatability and inter-device agreement were evaluated. On repeatability analysis, the intra-device means were not significantly different (ANOVA, p > 0.05). Intraclass correlations (ICC) were >0.98 except for J 0 and J 45. In terms of intra-measurement standard deviation (Sw), the SP and FG groups fared better than AR group (p < 0.001, ANOVA). On Sw versus Average plots, no significantly predictive fit was seen (p > 0.05, R (2) < 0.1 for all the values). On inter-device agreement analysis, there was no difference in means (ANOVA, p > 0.05). ICC ranged from 0.92 to 0.99 (p < 0.001). Regression fits on Bland-Altman plots suggested no clinically significant effect of average values over difference in means. The repeatability of Hartman type topographer in normal eyes is comparable to SP combination device and better than AR. The agreement between the three devices is good. However, we recommend against interchanging these devices between follow-ups or pooling their data.

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