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pubblicata il 01.09.2011

Savini, Giacomo, et al. "Comparison of anterior segment measurements by 3 Scheimpflug tomographers and 1 Placido corneal topographer." Journal of Cataract & Refractive Surgery 37.9 (2011): 1679-1685.


Author information: G.B. Bietti Eye Foundation-IRCCS, Rome, Italy. giacomo.savini@alice.it

PURPOSE:

To compare the anterior segment measurements provided by 3 Scheimpflug tomographers and a Placido corneal topographer.

SETTING:

Private clinical ophthalmology practice.

DESIGN:

Evaluation of diagnostic test or technology.

METHODS:

In a sample of 25 consecutive patients having either refractive or cataract surgery, the anterior eye segment was analyzed by means of a rotating Scheimpflug camera (Pentacam), 2 devices with a Scheimpflug camera combined with a Placido disk (Sirius and TMS-5), and a Placido disk corneal topographer (Keratron). Measurement results were compared using analysis of variance. Agreement was assessed using Bland-Altman plots.

RESULTS:

The mean simulated keratometry (K) was different between the 4 instruments (P<.0001), with Keratron providing the highest value (44.43 diopters [D] ± 1.28 [SD]). The Pentacam and Sirius provided the lowest values (44.05 ± 1.21 D and 44.05 ± 1.27 D, respectively), without statistical difference (posttest). The mean posterior corneal power and minimum corneal thickness were statistically different between the 3 Scheimpflug cameras (P<.0001 and P=.0210, respectively); 95% limits of agreement, however, were narrow for posterior corneal power and large for corneal thickness. The only 2 devices measuring the distance between the corneal endothelium and the anterior lens surface showed a statistically but not clinically significant difference (2.90 ± 0.48 mm and 2.94 ± 0.47 mm, respectively). There were no statistically significant differences in anterior corneal asphericity between the 4 instruments.

CONCLUSION:

Although the measurements of some parameters by different instruments were similar, caution is warranted before using them interchangeably.

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