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pubblicata il 25.11.2015

Prakash, Gaurav, et al. "Comparative Evaluation of the Corneal and Anterior Chamber Parameters Derived From Scheimpflug Imaging in Arab and South Asian Normal Eyes." Cornea 34.11 (2015): 1447-1455


Author information: *Cornea and Refractive Surgery Services, NMC Eye Care, New Medical Center Specialty Hospital, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates; †Uvea and Ocular Inflammation Services, NMC Eye Care, New Medical Center Specialty Hospital, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates; and ‡Paediatric Ophthalmology Services, NMC Eye Care, New Medical Center Specialty Hospital, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.

PURPOSE:

To evaluate the differences in the normal corneal and anterior segment Scheimpflug parameters in Arab and South Asian eyes.

METHODS:

This hospital-based study was performed at a cornea and refractive surgery service in Abu Dhabi. A total of 600 consecutive normal candidates of South Asian (group 1, n = 300) and Arab (group 2, n = 300) origins underwent Scheimpflug imaging (Sirius; Costruzione Strumenti Oftalmici, Italy). One eye was randomly selected for evaluation.

RESULTS:

The age and sex distributions in both groups were comparable. The pachymetric variables were statistically higher in group 2 (group 2 vs. group 1, 544.3 ± 32.2 μm vs. 535.1 ± 31.4 μm for central corneal thickness, 541.0 ± 32.6 μm vs. 531.9 ± 31.5 μm for minimum corneal thickness, 571.7 ± 43.2 μm vs. 558.1 ± 42.3 μm for apical thickness, and 58.1 ± 4.2 vs. 57.3 ± 4.3 mm³ for the corneal volume; P < 0.05). The anterior chamber volume (group 2 vs. group 1: 166.4 ± 16.4 vs. 161.6 ± 20.5 mm³) and angle (group 2 vs. group 1: 44.6 ± 6.2 vs. 43.5 ± 5.8 degrees) were also higher for group 2 (P < 0.05). Central corneal curvature and apical corneal curvature (apex K) were higher in group 1 (P < 0.05) with comparable astigmatism. The flat keratometry (K), steep K, and apex K were 43.6 ± 2.2 diopters (D), 44.9 ± 1.8 D, and 45.7 ± 1.8 D for group 1, and 43.1 ± 2.2 D, 44.5 ± 2 D, and 45.2 ± 1.9 D for group 2. The effect size (Cohen d) for significant parameters ranged from 0.2 to 0.3.

CONCLUSIONS:

Normal eyes of Arab ethnicity tend to have statistically thicker and flatter corneas and less-crowded anterior segments than those of the South Asian counterparts. These epidemiological differences have a mild to moderate biological effect size (Cohen d), but they should be considered when evaluating these eyes for anterior segment or corneal procedures.

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